Speech & Language Therapy
Speech therapy may help improve language development, communication, and pragmatic language skills. Speech therapy is a treatment that focuses on improving a child or adult's abilities to understand and express language. Speech therapy includes two components: 1) coordinating the mouth to produce sounds to form words and sentences (to address articulation, fluency, and voice volume regulation); and 2) understanding and expressing language (to address the use of language through written, pictorial, body, and sign forms, and the use of language through alternative communication systems such as social media, computers, and iPads).
Some children may have excellent pronunciation and may even be early readers, but they may need speech therapy to improve "pragmatic" language, or the process of using verbal and body language appropriately in social situations for everyday purposes such as making requests, having conversations, and making friends. Other reasons children may need speech therapy include medical conditions such as a brain injury or infection that has affected their ability to communicate and an identifiable disability such as a genetic (Down Syndrome) or developmental disorder (eg. Autism Spectrum Disorder).